košice modernism

18. 3. – 27. 5. 2018 / daily 9:00 – 18:00

opening day: 17. 3. 2018 / 15:00

castle riding school, hluboká nad vltavou 144


An important chapter in the art history of both Slovakia and Central Europe is represented by visual arts producedin the town of Košice during the 1920s and now known as the KošiceModernism. After the Czechoslovak Republic was established, Košice became a place highly diversified in cultural climate and ethnic identity, which offered favorable conditions to a considerable number of distinguished artists, local and foreign. For a time, the town was frequented by artists from Hungary, Romania, Czechia and other countries, who had previously studied in Budapest, Munich or Paris and then took up residence in major European cities. Admittedly, the town of Košice was just a regional hub, but then and there it could be favorably compared with Avant-garde centers like Paris and Weimar.

The pivotal point of systematic and successful efforts takenthere so as to support culture and arts was the state-run East Slovakian Museum and, particularly, Josef Polák, a Czech lawyer and the museum's director.
Mr. Polák can be credited for organizing a good many exhibitions, primarily exhibitions of fine arts. Noteworthy was also his initiative designed to launch drawing courses taught at the museum between 1921 and 1923 by Eugen Krón, a Budapest graphic artist. Krón's schooling helped to start the career of quite a few artists who later grew in importance. Included among the domestic protagonists of the Košice Modernism can be Anton Jaszusch and Konštantín Bauer, and the place briefly hosted also the Avant-garde artists Károly Kernstok, János Kmetty, Béla Uitz and lots of others.In addition, the art typical of the 1920s was considerably influenced by the production of Konštantín Kövári-Kačmarik (1882–1916), one of the artists whose works formulated the program of modern fine arts. The "diversity of temperaments"
(J. Polák) was put on common footing by sharing a social & ideological platformand by jointly spreadingstimuli of contemporary European modernism while individually modifying the impacts of symbolism, expressionism, Cubism, Futurism and constructivism.

Another aspects of consequence that are characteristic of the Košice Modernism rest in its focus on urban environment and its distinct social dimension. The rich tradition of the artistic milieu that crested in the 1920s was immediately continued by the works of Július Jakoby and later on by those of Juraj Collinásy, both pupils of the Krón school and both artists who broke with convention and sought inspiration in the currents of European modernism of the period.  

Already hosted in Bratislava and Kraków,
the Košice Modernism exhibition will be on view in Hluboká nad Vltavou in 2018